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Nathalie Sarraute - book author

Nathalie Sarraute (July 18, 1900 in Ivanovo, Russia – October 19, 1999 in Paris, France) was a lawyer and a French writer of Russian-Jewish origin.

Sarraute was born Natalia/Natacha Tcherniak in Ivanovo (then known as Ivanovo-Voznesensk), 300 km north-east of Moscow in 1900 (although she frequently referred to the year of her birth as 1902, a date still cited in select reference works), and, following the divorce of her parents, spent her childhood shuttled between France and Russia. In 1909 she moved to Paris with her father. Sarraute studied law and literature at the prestigious Sorbonne, having a particular fondness for 20th century literature and the works of Marcel Proust and Virginia Woolf, who greatly affected her conception of the novel, then later studied history at Oxford and sociology in Berlin, before passing the French bar exam (1926-1941) and becoming a lawyer.
In 1925, she married Raymond Sarraute, a fellow lawyer, with whom she would have three daughters. In 1932 she wrote her first book, Tropismes, a series of brief sketches and memories that set the tone for her entire oeuvre. The novel was first published in 1939, although the impact of World War II stunted its popularity. In 1941, Sarraute, who was Jewish, was released from her work as a lawyer as a result of Nazi law. During this time, she went into hiding and made arrangements to divorce her husband in an effort to protect him (although they would eventually stay together).
Nathalie Sarraute died when she was 99 years old. Her daughter, the journalist Claude Sarraute, was married to French Academician Jean-François Revel.

From Wikipedia

Nathalie Sarraute is the author of books: Enfance, Tropismes, The Planetarium, Les Fruits d'Or, Pour un oui ou pour un non, Portrait of a Man Unknown, Do You Hear Them?, The Age of Suspicion: Essays on the Novel, Martereau, You Don't Love Yourself

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Author Books

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Title
Description
01
Ce livre écrit sous la forme d'un dialogue entre Nathalie Sarraute et son double qui, par ses mises en garde, ses scrupules, ses interrogations, son insistance, l'aide à faire surgir « quelques moments, quelques mouvements encore intacts, assez forts pour se dégager de cette couche protectrice qui les conserve, de ces épaisseurs [...] ouatées qui se défont et disparaissent avec l'enfance ». Enfance passée entre Paris, Ivanovo, en Russie, la Suisse, Pétersbourg et nouveau Paris.
Un livre où l'on peut voir se dessiner déjà le futur grand écrivain qui donnera plus tard une œuvre dont la sonorité est unique à notre époque.
02
Considered one of the major French writers of our century, Nathalie Sarraute is the author of several novels, plays, and essays, as well as of Childhood, her autobiography. A pioneer of the nouveau roman (or "new novel"), a literary movement that sought to free the novel from the confines of plot, characterization, and time, she was recently honored by the presentation of her complete works in the prestigious Pliade series (other authors in the series include Honor de Balzac, Ernest Hemingway, and Franz Kafka). George Braziller is delighted to have been publishing all of Sarraute's work in America since 1958.
03
A young writer has his heart set on his aunt's large apartment. With this seemingly simple conceit, the characters of The Planetarium are set in orbit and a galaxy of argument, resentment, and bitterness erupts. Telling the story from various points of view, Sarraute focuses below the surface, on the emotional lives of the characters in a way that surpasses even Virginia Woolf. Always deeply engaging, The Planetarium reveals the deep disparity between the way we see ourselves and the way others see us.
04
Cette œuvre de Nathalie Sarraute ne comporte ni personnage ni intrigue. Son héros est un roman, Les Fruits d'Or, et elle a pour sujet les réactions que ce roman et l'accueil qu'il reçoit provoquent chez ceux qui l'aiment ou le rejettent.
Il ne s'agit pas de peindre la réalité visible et connue. Les péripéties balzaciennes qui entourent le lancement d'un livre ne sont pas le domaine de Nathalie Sarraute. Il n'est ici question ni d'éditeurs, ni de publicité, ni des jeux des prix littéraires. L'auteur des Fruits d'Or est également absent. Seules sont montrées ces actions dramatiques invisibles et cependant très précises, qui constituent cette substance romanesque dont, depuis ses Tropismes parus en 1939, Nathalie Sarraute n'a jamais cessé d'étendre le champ et qui a déterminé toutes ses recherches techniques.
En recréant ces mouvements dans le domaine du contact direct ou indirect avec l'œuvre d'art, en les amplifiant parfois jusqu'à la satire, c'est à certains aspects essentiels du phénomène esthétique que touche ce roman.
Ne faut-il pas dire aussi ce poème, tant dans cette forme romanesque nouvelle se confondent les limites qui séparent traditionnellement la poésie du roman.
05
Dans une action concentrée, où tout ce qui compte est ce qui n'est pas dit, deux hommes s'affrontent, prennent à tour de rôle la position du dominant ou du dominé, deux amis se brouillent - peut-être - «pour un oui ou pour un nom». La tension qui existe sous les mots les plus simples, les mouvements physiologiques et psychiques souterrains communiquent au public une sensation de malaise, en même temps qu'ils le fascinent. Car cette dispute est la nôtre, ces mots, nous les avons prononcés, ces silences, nous les avons entendus. Tout un passé refoulé se représente, une profondeur inconsciente, des pulsions agressives. Par les mots, nous nous déchirons nous-mêmes, et nous déchirons les autres. Mais le silence est pire.
06
Considered one of the major French writers of our century, Nathalie Sarraute is the author of several novels, plays, and essays, as well as of Childhood, her autobiography. A pioneer of the nouveau roman (or new novel), a literary movement that sought to free the novel from the confines of plot, characterization, and time, she was recently honored by the presentation of her complete works in the prestigious Pleiade series (other authors in the series include Honore de Balzac, Ernest Hemingway, and Franz Kafka). George Braziller is delighted to have been publishing all of Sarraute's work in America since 1958.
07
The setting of Nathalie Sarraute's Do You Hear Them? is a dinner conversation between a father and his old friend about a recently acquired pre-Columbian statue. As they discuss the merits of the piece and art in general, the father hears his children upstairs giggling. This childish mirth is barbaric and devastating to the father, for in their laughter he hears them mocking his "old-fashioned" viewpoint and the energy he wastes by collecting lifeless objects. In his mind, they have no respect for what has been of greatest importance in his life.
08
Ces "essais sur le roman" constituent la première manifestation théorique de l'école du "nouveau roman". Nathalie Sarraute y expose ses propres conceptions qui ont exercé une influence profonde sur les jeunes auteurs. De Dostoievski à Kafka, de Joyce à Proust et Virginia Woolf, Nathalie Sarraute scrute l'oeuvre des grands précurseurs du roman moderne et examine leur contribution à la révolution romanesque de nos jours.
10
Considered one of the major French writers of our century, Nathalie Sarraute is the author of several novels, plays, and essays, as well as of Childhood, her autobiography. A pioneer of the nouveau roman (or new novel), a literary movement that sought to free the novel from the confines of plot, characterization, and time, she was recently honored by the presentation of her complete works in the prestigious Pleiade series (other authors in the series include Honore de Balzac, Ernest Hemingway, and Franz Kafka).George Braziller is delighted to have been publishing all of Sarraute's work in America since 1958.