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Arthur Schnitzler - book author

Arthur Schnitzler was an Austrian author and dramatist.

The son of a prominent Hungarian-Jewish laryngologist Johann Schnitzler and Luise Markbreiter (a daughter of the Viennese doctor Philipp Markbreiter), was born in Vienna in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and began studying medicine at the local university in 1879. He received his doctorate of medicine in 1885 and worked at the Vienna's General Hospital, but ultimately abandoned medicine in favour of writing.

His works were often controversial, both for their frank description of sexuality (Sigmund Freud, in a letter to Schnitzler, confessed "I have gained the impression that you have learned through intuition — though actually as a result of sensitive introspection — everything that I have had to unearth by laborious work on other persons")[1] and for their strong stand against anti-Semitism, represented by works such as his play Professor Bernhardi and the novel Der Weg ins Freie. However, though Schnitzler was himself Jewish, Professor Bernhardi and Fräulein Else are among the few clearly-identified Jewish protagonists in his work.

Schnitzler was branded as a pornographer after the release of his play Reigen, in which ten pairs of characters are shown before and after the sexual act, leading and ending with a prostitute. The furore after this play was couched in the strongest anti-semitic terms;[2] his works would later be cited as "Jewish filth" by Adolf Hitler. Reigen was made into a French language film in 1950 by the German-born director Max Ophüls as La Ronde. The film achieved considerable success in the English-speaking world, with the result that Schnitzler's play is better known there under Ophüls' French title.

In the novella, Fräulein Else (1924), Schnitzler may be rebutting a contentious critique of the Jewish character by Otto Weininger (1903) by positioning the sexuality of the young female Jewish protagonist.[3] The story, a first-person stream of consciousness narrative by a young aristocratic woman, reveals a moral dilemma that ends in tragedy.
In response to an interviewer who asked Schnitzler what he thought about the critical view that his works all seemed to treat the same subjects, he replied, "I write of love and death. What other subjects are there?" Despite his seriousness of purpose, Schnitzler frequently approaches the bedroom farce in his plays (and had an affair with one of his actresses, Adele Sandrock). Professor Bernhardi, a play about a Jewish doctor who turns away a Catholic priest in order to spare a patient the realization that she is on the point of death, is his only major dramatic work without a sexual theme.
A member of the avant-garde group Young Vienna (Jung Wien), Schnitzler toyed with formal as well as social conventions. With his 1900 short story Lieutenant Gustl, he was the first to write German fiction in stream-of-consciousness narration. The story is an unflattering portrait of its protagonist and of the army's obsessive code of formal honour. It caused Schnitzler to be stripped of his commission as a reserve officer in the medical corps — something that should be seen against the rising tide of anti-semitism of the time.
He specialized in shorter works like novellas and one-act plays. And in his short stories like "The Green Tie" ("Die grüne Krawatte") he showed himself to be one of the early masters of microfiction. However he also wrote two full-length novels: Der Weg ins Freie about a talented but not very motivated young composer, a brilliant description of a segment of pre-World War I Viennese society; and the artistically less satisfactory Therese.
In addition to his plays and fiction, Schnitzler meticulously kept a diary from the age of 17 until two days before his death, of a brain hemorrhage in Vienna. The manuscript, which runs to almost 8,000 pages, is most notable for Schnitzler's cas

Arthur Schnitzler is the author of books: Dream Story, Fräulein Else, Lieutenant Gustl, La Ronde, Night Games and Other Stories and Novellas, Casanova's Return to Venice, Liebelei / Reigen, Dying, Leutnant Gustl / Fräulein Else, Fuga nelle tenebre

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This wonderful translation of Dream Story will allow a fresh generation of readers to enjoy this beautiful, heartless and baffling novella. Dream Story tells how through a simple sexual admission a husband and wife are driven apart into rival worlds of erotic intrigue and revenge.
A young woman is contacted by her mother, begging her to save her father from debtor's jail by visiting an elderly acquaintance in order to borrow money. This novel shows how the demands of her family force Else into the realization that everything has a price and morality has a most brittle veneer.
Viennese author Schnitzler's brief 1901 novel depicts the Austrian crisis at the turn of the century and the impending collapse of the dream of the empire. Bored at the opera, egocentric young Lieutenant Gustl contemplates which women are flirting with him; the fact that there are too many Jews in the army, which is the reason for "all this anti-Semitism"; and an upcoming duel with a doctor who made an unflattering remark about the military. After the concert, impatient in the coat check queue, Gustl gets into a quarrel with a baker who threatens to break Gustl's sword in two if he doesn't calm down. Convinced he's been dishonored, Gustl decides he must commit suicide and spends the night walking the streets, weighing the repercussions of killing himself. When he arrives at his favorite cafe for a final breakfast, he becomes elated on learning that he can go on living because the baker died of a stroke just after their encounter. This novel is an early embodiment of modern skepticism and despair. Written in interior monologue, it demonstrates a Freudian influence, while its historical and literary impact remains its strong point, making it more interesting to think about than to read.
Schnitzler explores human sexual behavior in a series of ten vignettes of couples preparing for romantic interludes and assignations.
These artful new translations of nine of Arthur Schnitzler's most important stories and novellas including "Dream Story," on which Stanley Kubrick based his widely acclaimed film Eyes Wide Shut-reinforce the Viennese author's remarkable achievement as literary modernist, depth psychologist, and prose stylist. The psychologically complex and morally ambiguous tales of love and adultery, dream and reality, desire and death in Night Games prove Schnitzler to be fully the equal of his great contemporaries Kafka, Rilke, and Musil, and justify Freud's praise of his knowledge of depth psychology. The collection includes powerful early works such as "The Dead Are Silent" and "Geronimo and His Brother" as well as late masterpieces such as "Night Games" and "Dream Story." Schnitzler creates memorable characters and makes original and masterful use of inner monologue, "stream of consciousness," and unrealiable narrator-techniques that he was among the first, if not the first, to use-to explore the complexities of their inner lives, even as he delineates their social world with elegance and wit. The results are comic, tragic, powerful, and psychologically compelling tales of love, sex, and death, that often surprise. They are as fresh and as relevant to us today, a century later, as when they were first written."
"Girotondo", opera teatrale di Schnitzler di cui nel 1904 venne vietata la pubblicazione perché giudicata oscena, è un dramma in cui dieci individui di differente estrazione sociale (dal conte alla prostituta, passando per il poeta e la ragazzina) si incontrano a due a due in altrettante scene. I quadri consistono quindi dei loro dialoghi e si concludono sempre con un atto sessuale, che non viene però mai rappresentato sul palco. Uno dei due personaggi della scena appena conclusa riappare in quella successiva, in una concatenazione di incontri che potrebbe procedere all'infinito. Quello di Schnitzler è un testo grottesco, in cui i personaggi e le loro parole si svuotano di senso, in cui la danza del corteggiamento si conclude in rapporti sessuali aridi e scontati. A dominare e governare i comportamenti umani è la banalità, la vacuità delle relazioni, l'assenza di sentimenti sinceri. Arricchisce il volume il dramma in tre atti "Amoretto".
When Marie realises, with horror, that Felix is intent on making her fulfill her rash vow to die with him, she is left with a terrible conundrum: how can she escape with her life without compromising the self-imposed decorum of attending to the wishes of her dying lover? Schnitzler's talent as a dramatist shines through in this engrossing and shocking psychological study set in fin de siecle Vienna.

Pushkin Collection editions feature a spare, elegant series style and superior, durable components. The Collection is typeset in Monotype Baskerville, litho-printed on Munken Premium White Paper and notch-bound by the independently owned printer TJ International in Padstow. The covers, with French flaps, are printed on Colorplan Pristine White Paper. Both paper and cover board are acid-free and Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified.
Bei einem Konzert wird Leutnant Gustl von einem Bäckermeister beleidigt und beschließt, da er weder mit der "Schande" der Beleidigung leben noch sich mit einem Handwerker duellieren kann, am nächsten Tag Selbstmord zu begehen. Diese äußere Handlung der Novelle erschließt sich dem Leser ausschließlich aus den Gedanken der Hauptfigur und ihren Reaktionen auf das äußere Geschehen. Mittels dieser subjektiven Sichtweise enthüllt der Text deutlich die Absurdität des militärischen Ehrenkodex', der das Leben des Leutnants bestimmt. "Leutnant Gustl" gehört zu den ersten Werken der deutschen Literatur, in denen das Stilmittel des Inneren Monologs konsequent durchgeführt ist. Die gleiche Erzähltechnik verwendet Schnitzler in "Fräulein Else". Hier verfolgt der Leser, wie sich ein Gewissenskonflikt einer jungen Frau allmählich so weit steigert, dass er mit ihrem Tod endet.
Nella Fuga nelle tenebre, che fu pubblicata nel 1931, poco prima della morte dell’autore (ma la stesura originaria è degli anni 1912-1917), Schnitzler raggiunge la massima intensità di narratore. La storia è quella della graduale, consequenziale germinazione di un delirio. Qui il racconto non è, come sempre in Schnitzler, cosparso di accenni al fondo oscuro della psiche, ma in certo modo costringe quel fondo ad apparire in primo piano, sotto una luce fredda e limpida. Insediati all’interno della psiche del protagonista, assistiamo al primo infiltrarsi in essa di una serie di presentimenti e ammonimenti, che subito fanno oscillare tutta la realtà, gettandola in un’incertezza simile a quella dei sogni. Poi, in una progressione sempre più angosciosa, ci accorgiamo che ormai una rete di ossessioni si è posata sul mondo. A poco a poco, le sue maglie si stringono crudelmente e tutto ciò che avviene converge verso un unico punto di fuga: le tenebre. Come i cinque casi clinici di Freud appartengono, oltre che ai testi classici della psicoanalisi, alla grande letteratura del nostro secolo – sicché Dora e l’Uomo dei lupi e il piccolo Hans si sono ormai allineati accanto ai personaggi di Balzac e di Dostoevskij – così questo stupendo racconto di Schnitzler va anche letto come un’analisi dell’insorgere di un delirio ossessivo, sbalorditiva per la sua nettezza, illuminante in ogni particolare, avvicinabile solo ai grandi testi di Freud. E la figura di Freud stesso sembrerebbe qui adombrata in uno dei personaggi: il dottor Leinbach, «spettatore molesto e filosofo».